Liechtenstein Parliament Passes Blockchain Act

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Liechtenstein has passed The Liechtenstein Blockchain-Act, new legislation that got a green light on October 3, 2019 – that will allow the fintech industry to continue growing in this small country. 

They took three years to prepare the Act and the first reading passed the parliament vote in June. The second reading was passed yesterday and now the next step is final approval by the Prince of Liechtenstein, and the law will enter into force. 

This is not the small nation’s first step towards the emerging token economy. In May 2018, the TVTG (Token and VT Service Provider Act) already increased legal certainty for blockchain companies while offering customer protection.

In June 2018, the Liechtenstein Financial Market Authority (FMA) founded the Regulatory Laboratory/Financial Innovation Group, which serves as an interface between the market and regulators and facilitates communication – who are responsible for digitalization in the financial industry and financial innovation.

Sascha Ragtschaa, CEO of blockchain company WeOwn who operate out of Liechtenstein said:

“The Blockchain Act’s second reading being passed by parliament in Liechtenstein is another huge step towards dematerialising physical assets and supporting real-world use cases for blockchain technology.

“This piece of legislation empowers companies to disrupt old processes, innovate in areas that have been stale for decades, and create better ways of doing things for everyday people. You have to give credit to Liechtenstein; this small country is taking a giant leap towards disrupting the financial services market.”

According to a German media report, there was not a single dissenting vote within the Liechtenstein government. 

The Liechtenstein government is has created a “Token Container Model” (TCM) which follows a holistic approach, where token transfers are already aligned with civil law. Tokens are seen as containers that can have various rights, be it real assets such as real estate and shares (security tokens), a license, or simply digital code.

thomas duenser

Advantages of the token Container Model

All existing and many future applications of Token Economy are covered

  • Bitcoin => Empty Container
  • Security Token => Container is filled with security
  • Utility Coin => Container is filled with Software Usage Right

Legal consequences depend on the application

  • Security Token => Security Laws and financial Market Laws are applicable
  • IP RightToken => IP Law is applicable

The relation between token and Right can be clarified

  • The legal status of token Owner and Possessor
  • The Legal consequences of token transfer

thomas duenserLiechtenstein has long been known for being a business-friendly environment, particularly in financial services, which has led foreign companies dealing with cryptocurrencies, such as Aeternity, to operate out of Liechtenstein. 

Strong protection of personal and property rights has led to Liechtenstein becoming a haven for wealth planning and wealth protection, as well as a financial centre in general.

Despite its small size (160 km2 and  37,877 people), Liechtenstein has a large financial community with a plethora of banks, finance companies, wealth management companies, investment firms, trust services, law offices, auditors and insurance companies. Liechtenstein businesses are so successful, they have a negative employment rate, meaning total employment is higher than its total of residents. In 2017, 38,600 people were employed in Liechtenstein, meaning that the number of employees surpassed the number of residents (38,114) for the first time. It’s not surprising there’s a GDP of  €175,000+ per employed person, making Liechtenstein one of the wealthiest countries in the world.

Personal income of up to €90,000+ is taxed by 5%. The highest tax bracket is 8%, for an annual income above €180,000+. The corporate tax rate is 12.5%. It’s no wonder why companies flock to Lichtenstein. 

Liechtenstein is closely tied to Switzerland and is part of the European Economic Area (EEA) wich are further reasons for the expansion of the Fintech business, leading to some of the most progressive legislation concerning blockchain and cryptocurrencies in the world.

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About Richard Kastelein

Founder and publisher of industry publication Blockchain News (EST 2015), a partner at ICO services collective Token.Agency ($750m+ and 90+ ICOs and STOs), director of education company Blockchain Partners (Oracle Partner) – Vancouver native Richard Kastelein is an award-winning publisher, innovation executive and entrepreneur. He sits on the advisory boards of some two dozen Blockchain startups and has written over 1500 articles on Blockchain technology and startups at Blockchain News and has also published pioneering articles on ICOs in Harvard Business Review and Venturebeat. Irish Tech News put him in the top 10 Token Architects in Europe.

Kastelein has an Ad Honorem - Honorary Ph.D. and is Chair Professor of Blockchain at China's first Blockchain University in Nanchang at the Jiangxi Ahead Institute of Software and Technology. In 2018 he was invited to and attended University of Oxford's Saïd Business School for Business Automation 4.0 programme.  Over a half a decade experience judging and rewarding some 1000+ innovation projects as an EU expert for the European Commission's SME Instrument programme as a startup assessor and as a startup judge for the UK government's Innovate UK division.

Kastelein has spoken (keynotes & panels) on Blockchain technology in Amsterdam, Antwerp, Barcelona, Beijing, Brussels, Bucharest, Dubai, Eindhoven, Gdansk, Groningen, the Hague, Helsinki, London (5x), Manchester, Minsk, Nairobi, Nanchang, Prague, San Mateo, San Francisco, Santa Clara (2x), Shanghai, Singapore (3x), Tel Aviv, Utrecht, Venice, Visakhapatnam, Zwolle and Zurich.

He is a Canadian (Dutch/Irish/English/Métis) whose writing career has ranged from the Canadian Native Press (Arctic) to the Caribbean & Europe. He's written occasionally for Harvard Business Review, Wired, Venturebeat, The Guardian and, and his work and ideas have been translated into Dutch, Greek, Polish, German and French. A journalist by trade, an entrepreneur and adventurer at heart, Kastelein's professional career has ranged from political publishing to TV technology, boatbuilding to judging startups, skippering yachts to marketing and more as he's travelled for nearly 30 years as a Canadian expatriate living around the world. In his 20s, he sailed around the world on small yachts and wrote a series of travel articles called, 'The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Seas' travelling by hitching rides on yachts (1989) in major travel and yachting publications. He currently lives in Groningen, Netherlands where he's raising three teenage daughters with his wife and sailing partner, Wieke Beenen.

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